January 26, 2022, 12:48 pm

Climate change adaptation to be socio-economic development indicator

(13:26:37 PM 11/10/2014)
( - Ms. Truong Thi Mai - Chairman of the National Assembly’s Committee for Social Affairs at the 32nd session of the National Assembly Standing Committee on October 8 suggested that climate change adaptation should be a socio-economic development indicator. At this session, the National Assembly Standing Committee focuses on the implementation of policies and laws on the prevention of climate change (CC) in the Mekong River Delta (MRD).

According to Mai, it is necessary to bring climate change adaptation to be a socio-economic indicator. That will promote all levels, sectors, localities develop.

It’s costly and has unpredictable consequences if we do not take action

According to the Chairman of the Committee on Science, Technology and Environment Phan Xuan Dung, climate change causes complex impacts on the Mekong Delta. There are differences among localities in the same province or even in the same district, commune, a coastal areas. Tra Vinh, Ben Tre, Ca Mau are facing threats of landslides, but  Ho Chi Minh City, Vinh Long, Can Tho City are influenced by sea level rise and tides.

The area of agricultural land, fruit trees and water for aquaculture will be reduced, productivity and output will be declined in the Long Xuyen, Ha Tien, Dong Thap Muoi, the area between Hau and Tien rivers. Forest, land, water, wildlife, minerals (peat, sand, building stone, ...) will be affected and destroyed. Excepting from the impacts of climate change, the Mekong River Delta will suffer from the construction of hydropower dams on the Mekong River.

It is forecasted that by 2030, if there is no drastic measures to respond to climate change, about 45% of the area of this region will be affected by salinity and agricultural losses due to floods will be up to  US$ 17 billion. NA’s supreme control on climate change legislation

According to the monitoring group of the National Assembly, there are gaps in policy of climate change’s responds. First, the legal framework such as orientation, laws, policies, action plans, goals ... has been completed in a short time of 5-6 years.

However, according to the monitoring group, although there are many legal documents related to climate change from central to localities,  there appeared overlapping and duplication. The results of the current legal documents have not evaluated, the new documents have been issued. That makes the distribution and decentralization among state management agencies unclear, incoherent, causing difficulties in the implementation process.

The monitoring group suggested that it is necessary to take the Government's proposal of enacting NA’s resolution on promoting the implementation of policies and laws to cope with climate change on  into consideration.  The group requested Government to direct the ministries and agencies in coordination with the provinces of the Mekong River Delta to study and review projects on climate change adaptation and submit to the National Assembly for decision on important investment projects to respond to climate change in the Mekong River Delta (under the National Assembly’s Resolution No. 49/2010 / QH12, dated June 19, 2010).

Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Tran Hong Ha said that “we need a lot of money to cope with climate change. Climate change adaptation projects (dikes, embankments ...) cost about VND 17,000 billion, the project for protection forest, watershed forest is worth  of US$ 1.7 billion. The capital is mainly based on international donors, therefore, in the future, it will require investment from the State as well as measures to mobilize funds from businesses and society. "


Bao Chau

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