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October 17, 2021, 8:42 pm

Completing the legal framework for environmental management of air

(19:00:46 PM 31/10/2014)
(Tinmoitruong.vn) - Air quality is deteriorating, especially in urban areas; it is a warning that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) has announced. Improving air quality through specific actions along with the completion of the legal framework for environmental management of air is two tasks that must be done immediately.

 Completing the legal framework for environmental management of air

Photo: IE



* Dust, toxic gases, odors... are exceeded

According to a report on the current state of air quality environment in 2013 announced by the Vietnam Environmental Administration (MONRE), for the last five years, urban air quality has not improved much. Air quality index (AQI) in major cities is low, typically in Hanoi, the number of days with poor AQI account for 40-60% of the total number of observation days in the year; including some days when air quality declines to the bad threshold and dangerous threshold.

In most urban areas of our country, there is dust contamination; some places are polluted seriously and alarmingly. The average concentration of dust in the air in big cities such as Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, Da Nang is higher than permissible standards from 2-3 times. Air pollution in craft villages is also alarming. In these places, all the indicators of the amount of dust, toxic gas, metal vapor, odor, noise exceed the permitted limit many times. In addition, the air environment in many rural areas also tends to increase the level of pollution...

The process of industrialization and urbanization, the growth rate of urban population, an increase in personal vehicles, along with infrastructure development, mining activities, industrial and agricultural production, and craft villages are creating high pressure for the air environment.

Air pollution has a huge impact to human health, especially respiratory. Experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) have classified air pollution to be one of the leading causes of cancer in humans.

In Vietnam, the Ministry of Health also confirmed that respiratory diseases had the highest incidence in all over the nation, and one of the identified causes was air pollution. Statistical result is that every 100,000 people, there are up to 419 people with pneumonia diseases; 350 people with acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis; 273 people with bronchitis and bronchiolitis.

* Environmental Management of Air: Needs specific policies

Although the mechanisms, policies on environmental management of air have been defined in many laws, according to experts, Vietnam does not have the specific and specialized legal documents for problems of air pollution management and control. This issue makes it difficult for the implementation of air environmental policies.

Many countries around the world such as USA, Korea, Japan, and China... have enacted the Law on air environment. Particularly in Korea, there are about three separate laws on the air environment. At the same time, Korea has issued a series of regulations on building a network of air quality monitoring; that provides data and information timely on air quality for the people...

To improve further the document system of air environmental management, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment believed that the need was to strengthen the review, amendment, supplementary issuance of specific policy and legislation documents on air environment; construction of the Clean Air Ordinance; National Plan of air quality management. In terms of organizational structure, it requires to improve the organization, assignment of functions and tasks of the air environmental management agencies from the central to local levels. In addition, it needs to develop mechanisms and policies to attract investment, to socialize and encourage the participation of population communities in the process of implementing measures of air environmental protection.

While waiting for the policy to be completed, the MONRE will immediately develop programs, plans and implement effectively to solve the problem of dust pollution in urban areas; promote activities of examining emission sources, monitoring and controling urban air environment; deploy to monitor air pollution across borders...

Pham Oanh
KHÔNG XẢ RÁC BỪA BÃI

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